Standard pipe forming processes would dictate the fabricator purchasing short radius and long radius fittings and weld them to the pipe tube in question. Creating a ‘pipe coil’ or ‘serpentine’ pipe systems in this way is tedious and expensive as each joint has to be welded and inspected. The increasing costs over the years for labour, welding and material costs have made specialist tube benders a much better option particularly when complex pipe bending processes are involved. There is also much evidence that when transporting a process fluid through pipework of any distance larger radius bends provide for a more reliable flow rate owing to reduced turbulence and resistance within the pipeline.